Draft 1 of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) was published by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) secretariat yesterday. The draft GBF will be considered by national governments at the UN Biodiversity Conference (COP15) later this year in Kunming, China.
Building on the previous ‘zero drafts, this first detailed draft outlines goals and targets needed to heal our broken relationship with biodiversity, and move to “living in harmony with nature by 2050“.
There are four 2050 goals, which have associated 2030 milestones:
- Goal A – The integrity of all ecosystems is enhanced, with an increase of at least 15% in the area, connectivity and integrity of natural ecosystems, supporting healthy and resilient populations of all species, the rate of extinctions has been reduced at least tenfold, and the risk of species extinctions across all taxonomic and functional groups, is halved, and genetic diversity of wild and domesticated species is safeguarded, with at least 90% of genetic diversity within all species maintained.
- Goal B – Nature’s contributions to people are valued, maintained or enhanced through conservation and sustainable use supporting the global development agenda for the benefit of all.
- Goal C – The benefits from the utilization of genetic resources are shared fairly and equitably, with a substantial increase in both monetary and non-monetary benefits shared, including for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
- Goal D – The gap between available financial and other means of implementation, and those necessary to achieve the 2050 Vision, is closed.
Continuing on from the zero draft, the 21 targets are grouped into three sections:
- Reducing threats to biodiversity
- Meeting people’s needs through sustainable use and benefit-sharing
- Tools and solutions for implementation and mainstreaming